Distraction Osteogenesis Repairs Facial Deformities
Maxillofacial distraction osteogenesis is a surgical process used to correct oral and facial skeletal deformities by increasing bone in the jaw. New bone formation is stimulated by the controlled, gradual separation of bony segments after the jawbone is cut (osteotomy). The procedure has the benefit of simultaneously increasing bone length and the volume of surrounding soft tissues. It is reserved for difficult situations that require more bone lengthening than can be gained by conventional surgery.
There are many facial deformities of the maxilla (upper jaw) and mandible (lower jaw) that can be effectively treated by distraction osteogenesis including:
- Facial injuries – A facial injury that causes damage to the maxilla (upper jaw) or mandible (lower jaw) is the most common condition for which distraction osteogenesis is performed.
- Congenital deformities – Distraction osteogenesis can treat a wide range of facial deformities in children as young as a few months old such as:
- Cleft palate — separation of the roof of the mouth (palate) that occurs during early development of the fetus
- Severe mandibular hypoplasia(small lower jaw) with resulting breathing problems – includes congenital conditions such as:
- Micrognathia – an abnormally small, lower jaw and chin. Severe micrognathia can interfere with an infant’s feeding. This condition is often part of a syndrome of congenital disorders
- Brachygnathia — abnormal shortness or recession of the lower jaw
- Facial cleft — an opening or gap in the face or a malformation of a part of the face. Extremely rare congenital anomalies, facial clefts can affect the bone, soft tissue and skin of the face.
- Treacher-Collins syndrome — a condition that affects the development of bones and other tissues in the face. Most affected individuals have underdeveloped facial bones, particularly the cheekbones, and a very small jaw and chin (micrognathia).
- Pierre-Robin sequence – a group of disorders occurring together that includes a small, lower jaw (micrognathia), breathing problems and a tongue that tends to ball up at the back of the mouth
- Hemifacial microsomia – a rare congenital disease characterized by facial asymmetry
Schedule a no-obligation consultation about distraction osteogenesis with the surgeons at Face and Jaw Surgery Center at one of our four, convenient North Dakota locations. Our surgeons are specially trained in oral and maxillofacial surgery and treatments and have performed many distraction osteogenesis procedures. They can evaluate your situation and discuss the best course of treatment with you.
Face and Jaw Surgery Center serves all of North Dakota and North West Minnesota including Moorhead, MN and East Grand Forks, MN.
Bismarck, ND office
Fargo, ND office
Minot, ND office